A lot of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a tiny selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no regards to their elementвЂ™s title. Following the periodic dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right hereвЂ™s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with the reasons for them.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will probably be the Arabic work вЂnatrunвЂ™. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, also itвЂ™s this title that its chemical expression, Na, originates from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, lots of contemporary languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, while the title lends the element its chemical expression, K.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, provides it its icon Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂswordвЂ™ orвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by an array of different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements called after places, but copperвЂ™s title is more slight than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self originates from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus had been centuries that are famous because of its copper reserves. The title was sooner or later simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is thought to derive initially from a language that is indo-european most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, are based on the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation maybe it’s based on the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ as a result of CornwallвЂ™s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just based on the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the employment of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is with in turn likely produced by Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram had been known as following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This can be from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram remains utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ significantly apt, since itвЂ™s the 7th element that is densest into the regular table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a great many other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin name was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to offer вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and this is why they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding to your planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is the only person thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most most likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the origin regarding the English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading