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Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

A lot of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a tiny selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no regards to their element’s title. Following the periodic dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right here’s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with the reasons for them.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will probably be the Arabic work ‘natrun’. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, also it’s this title that its chemical expression, Na, originates from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, lots of contemporary languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, while the title lends the element its chemical expression, K.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

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Iron’s Latin title, ‘ferrum’, provides it its icon Fe; it simply means ‘iron‘sword’ or’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by an array of different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. There’s an inventory of 213 of these right here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements called after places, but copper’s title is more slight than many. Copper’s Latin title had been ‘cyprium’, which it self originates from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus had been centuries that are famous because of its copper reserves. The title was sooner or later simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is thought to derive initially from a language that is indo-european most likely referring to your metal’s shininess. The nation Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the Río de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, are based on the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. There’s also speculation maybe it’s based on the Cornish ‘stean’ as a result of Cornwall’s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just based on the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, talking about the employment of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is with in turn likely produced by Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.

Tungsten – Wolfram (W)

Wolfram had been known as following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This can be from the German ‘wolf rahm’, or ‘wolf’s foam’, talking about the quantity of tin ‘eaten’ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram remains utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock – significantly apt, since it’s the 7th element that is densest into the regular table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold had been ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; a great many other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin name was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to offer ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element ended up being ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and this is why they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding to your planets, too, but Mercury’s is the only person that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, most most most likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the origin regarding the English words ‘plumbing’ and ‘plumber’, because of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.

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